Essay religion politics

The Preamble of the Indian Constitution has the word "secular", and articles 25 to 28 implying that the State will not discriminate, patronise or meddle in the profession of any religion. Article 25 says "all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right to freely profess, practice, and propagate religion subject to public order, morality and health.

Religious Influence in Society

All these rights are subject to be regulated by the State. The Indian version of secularism is a little bit different from what is understood in the western European countries.


In the west, state and church religion is separate and do not intervene in each other's internal affairs. But this is not the case with India, here secularism means 'respect for all religions' and 'keeping a principled distance' from each religion. The Indian constitution permits the central government to intervene in religion but this intervention should be based on constitution only. If some tenets, principles or beliefs of any particular religion violates the constitution or the law of the land, then the Indian government is mandated to intervene and remedy the situation.

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Government of India has for a few times have intervened in religions historically as mandated by the constitution. Government also intervene when women of any religion are denied opportunities or equality as gender equality is guaranteed by the Indian constitution. Article 25 2b uses the term "Hindus" for all classes and sections of Hindus , Jains , Buddhists and Sikhs.

The government can ban a religious organisation if it disrupts communal harmony, has been involved in terrorism or sedition, or has violated the Foreign Contributions Act.

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The government limits the entry of any foreign religious institution or missionary and since the s, no new foreign missionaries have been accepted though long term established ones may renew their visas. Private schools offering religious instruction are permitted while government schools are non-religious. Though they do not have any power, local and central authorities generally follow them. These organisations have investigated numerous instances of religious tension including the implementation of "anti-conversion" bills in numerous states, the Gujarat violence against Muslims and the attacks against Christians in Orissa.

People taking part in it are detained, and injured [18] by Jammu and Kashmir Police every year. The Article 25 of the Indian Constitution is a basic human right guarantee see Articles 18 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that cannot be subverted or misinterpreted in any manner.

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Orissa was the first state to bring such law named as 'Orissa Freedom of Religion Act, '. Both laws enacted by the Orissa and Madhya Pradesh high courts were challenged stating Article 25 of the Constitution. The Supreme Court supported the laws saying, "What is freedom for one is freedom for the other in equal measure and there can, therefore, be no such thing as a fundamental right to convert any person to one's own religion".

Chhattisgarh in and Gujarat State in passed anti-conversion laws that prohibit forced or money induced conversions. In , the Bharatiya Janata Party general secretary Venkaiah Naidu has declared that his party would bring anti-conversion laws nationwide if his party is elected to power in The president of party Amit Shah has challenged the opposition parties to support it in enacting such a law.

In the case of a minor, a woman, or a person belonging to a Scheduled Caste or Tribe, the punishment was up to two years of imprisonment and the limit of the fine raised to Rs.

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The Orissa High Court, however, struck down the Act as ultra vires of the Constitution on the ground that the state legislature did not have the right to legislate matters of religion. However, the Madhya Pradesh High Court, in contrary to the Orissa High Court, negated the challenge of some Christians that the Act violated their fundamental right as provided under Article 25 of the Constitution.

The decisions of both the Courts were challenged before the Supreme Court. The Arunachal Pradesh government enacted this Act to protect the tribals of Arunachal Pradesh from forced conversions of any kind. It reads:. No person shall convert or attempt to convert, either directly or otherwise any person from indigenous faith by use of force or by inducement or any fraudulent means nor shall any person abet any such conversion.

In This Review

Any person contravening the provisions contained in Section 2, shall without prejudice to any civil liability, be punishable with imprisonment to the extent of two 2 years and fine up to ten thousand 10, rupees. The law prohibited conversion by force or inducement. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Constitution and law. Government of India. Election commission : Chief Election Commissioner Election commissioners Recent general elections: Recent state elections : Administrative divisions States and union territories ——————— State governments Governors List Chief ministers List Chief secretary Principal secretaries Field-level officers Divisional commissioners District magistrates Sub-divisional magistrates Legislatures: Vidhan Sabha Vidhan Parishad ——————— Local governments: Rural bodies: District councils Block panchayats Gram panchayats Urban bodies: Municipal corporations Municipal councils Nagar panchayats.

Religion and politics in India Part - 1 (CH-03)

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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. One also continues to observe an ongoing practice of civil religion demonstrated by presidents and office-seekers on both the left and right. Generally, the leftist merger of religion and politics has received greater social acceptability because it has been cloaked in such rights' causes as civil rights, women's rights, or economic rights the social distribution of wealth.

The advocating of these rights …show more content…. This argument has frequently been used by Christians from Anabaptist or Pietistic traditions that believe that political involvement can taint one's sanctification. The assumption is that politics is intrinsically evil, and that a person cannot remain unsoiled by becoming involved in it. A simple and more formal stating of the argument could read in the following way: Premise 1: Politics is part of the evil system called the world.

Premise 2: Christians are called to deny the world and flee from worldly activities "Love not the world". Conclusion: Therefore, to remain untainted by the world, Christians must refrain from politics. In countering this argument, one must ask whether the premises are true. Concerning premise one, is politics necessarily part of an evil world system separated from God? To answer this, one must begin by defining politics. Politics is actually morality socially applied, or, rather, how we live together in society.

Is God interested in human political activities? Absolutely, God is definitely interested in our social relations. Many of the Ten Commandments deal with social relations. To say that God is not interested in politics is to say that God is not interested in social ethics. Individuals cannot be separated from. What role has religion previously played in Australian politics.

Religion, Politics, And Politics Essay

What role is religion currently playing in Australian politics Research Papers words 4. Anderson noted that these two elements have always posed a dilemma for public education. The struggle is how to accommodate both of these societal characteristics. He pointed out that the secular nature of American public culture and its underlying pluralistic character are important aspects of the context for our system of education.

The role of religion in public education is not limited to America alone. There are several examples from different parts of the world to prove how widespread the problem is Thus, the purpose of this comprehensive exam is to give me an opportunity to demonstrate mastery over relevant theories, methods, and empirical findings in major subfields of the sociology of religion. This reading list also provides a strong foundation in the central theoretical perspectives, main classic and current debates, and prominent published empirical studies in the field As they progressively become more acquainted with the American life style they tend to become more involved in the daily interest of their new country.

Specifically, Jews have been in the United States for centuries, but for a long time anti-Semitism and discrimination have made it very difficult for them to participate in politics.


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